October 30, 2014

The System






Sarcastic "God Bless You" Triggers Miami Cop To Go On Psychotic Tirade

by "Chris"

As originally posted on: informationliberation
October 29, 2014


A mentally unstable Miami Beach police officer, identified as Kenneth MacLeod, was filmed going on a psychotic tirade against a young man, Albert Valdes, for sarcastically saying "god bless you" after the officer wrote him a $1,000 ticket for having his license plate accidentally flipped up.

The officer, who appears to be experiencing a bout of roid-rage, threatened to throw Valdes in jail for being a "sarcastic bitch," noting that he will be "fucking a bigger bitch," which he promptly proceeded to be, staring the youth down aggressively while telling him he's "been here longer than [he's] fucking been alive," and threatening that if he wants to "test him" he'll throw him in jail.

The youth responds he'd "like to go to work," to which MacLeod tells him "then don't be a little wise ass 20-year-old punk."

I guess he feels such an attitude is reserved only for law enforcement.

Miami Beach police say they're looking into the incident, but say the young man has yet to file a complaint.

No doubt the same people who hired this unstable psycho will also serve as a good check on his power.

The System







Antares Rocket fails after apparent Russian Cyberwar attack

by "Kilgore Trout" [a/k/a "Kilgoar"]

As originally posted on: The Internet Chronicle
October 28, 2014


INTERNET — Tuesday evening, shortly after liftoff, an Antares rocket exploded over its launchpad in Virginia. Millions of social media users watched as the free market’s solution for resupplying the International Space Station went up in flames. Officials said that there was something in their launch software teasing them with Soviet symbols just moments before the explosion. If this rocket’s failure is truly the result of cyberwarfare, then this is the second hack to destroy infrastructure since the stuxnet virus destroyed several Iranian uranium centrifuges.

Russia has increasingly regressed to a cold war stance during its invasion of parts of Ukraine, but this is the first known Russian



aggression towards a US company. The Yuzhnoye (Ю́жное) Design Bureau of Ukraine sold many of its Soviet-era mass-production technologies to Orbital Sciences, the American manufacturer of the Antares rocket, and experts agree that Russian infiltration in all parts of Ukraine makes them the likely culprit behind this violent cyber attack.

Vladimir Putin was interviewed by Russia Today, and said, with a wry smile, “Russia would never sink to the level of the US and stealthily invade helpless countries full of necessary resources or attack its competitor’s infrastructure with viruses.” Putin winked at the audience, smiling wider now, “But maybe the Soviet Union would.”

October 29, 2014

The System




Ex-CBS reporter: Government agency bugged my computer

by Kyle Smith and Bruce Golding

As originally posted: New York Post
October 27, 2014


A former CBS News reporter who quit the network over claims it kills stories that put President Obama in a bad light says she was spied on by a “government-related entity” that planted classified documents on her computer.

In her new memoir, Sharyl Attkisson says a source who arranged to have her laptop checked for spyware in 2013 was “shocked” and “flabbergasted” at what the analysis revealed.

“This is outrageous. Worse than anything Nixon ever did. I wouldn’t have believed something like this could happen in the United States of America,” Attkisson quotes the source saying.

She speculates that the motive was to lay the groundwork for possible charges against her or her sources.





Attkisson says the source, who’s “connected to government three-letter agencies,” told her the computer was hacked into by “a sophisticated entity that used commercial, nonattributable spyware that’s proprietary to a government agency: either the CIA, FBI, the Defense Intelligence Agency or the National Security Agency.”

The breach was accomplished through an “otherwise innocuous e-mail” that Attkisson says she got in February 2012, then twice “redone” and “refreshed” through a satellite hookup and a Wi-Fi connection at a Ritz-Carlton hotel.

The spyware included programs that Attkisson says monitored her every keystroke and gave the snoops access to all her e-mails and the passwords to her financial accounts.

“The intruders discovered my Skype account handle, stole the password, activated the audio, and made heavy use of it, presumably as a listening tool,” she wrote in “Stonewalled: My Fight for Truth Against the Forces of Obstruction, Intimidation, and Harassment in Obama’s Washington.”

Attkisson says her source — identified only as “Number One” — told her the spying was most likely not court-authorized because it went on far longer than most legal taps.

But the most shocking finding, she says, was the discovery of three classified documents that Number One told her were “buried deep in your operating system. In a place that, unless you’re a some kind of computer whiz specialist, you wouldn’t even know exists.”

“They probably planted them to be able to accuse you of having classified documents if they ever needed to do that at some point,” Number One added.

In her book, Attkisson says CBS lost interest in her coverage of the deadly attack on the US Embassy in Benghazi, Libya, and killed her stories of the federal “Fast and Furious” gun-running scandal.

Both CBS and the White House declined to comment.

October 27, 2014

The System





ISIS sees journalists as 'desirable targets,' FBI warns

Bureau has 'credible information' that Islamic State members are being urged to kidnap reporters, bring them to Syria.

As originally posted on: Haaretz.com
October 25, 2014


The FBI on Thursday warned news organizations that the Islamic State views journalists as "desirable targets" for retribution attacks against the United States, the Washington Post reported.

The bureau has "recently obtained credible information indicating members of an ISIL-affiliated group are tasked with kidnapping journalists in the region and returning them to Syria," it said in a bulletin, referring to the terrorist group as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

"Members of this group might try to mask their affiliation with ISIL to gain access to journalists," the statement continued.

The Islamic State has already beheaded two American journalists, James Foley and Steven Sotloff, and two British aid workers. They are believed to be holding additional hostages.

The FBI said that, based on open-source statements and postings online, it believes Islamic State members view U.S. media personalities "as legitimate targets for retribution attacks as the U.S.-led air campaign against ISIL in Iraq and Syria continues."

It added that Islamic State supporters have used social media sites to call for retaliation against the U.S. and its interests abroad.

The FBI sent the bulletin to news organizations so they "may take appropriate steps to notify their journalists in the field."

The Committee to Protect Journalists says more than 70 journalists have been killed covering the Syrian conflict since it began in March 2011 and 20 more are still missing, according to the Washington Post.

October 25, 2014

The System





Bomb ISIS with porn, beer and weed. Problem solved in 1 week or less.

by "Anarchist Banker"

As originally posted on: Anarchist Banker (anarchistbanker) on Twitter
August 8, 2014

The System







Taylor Swift’s 8 second subliminal white noise message decoded

by "Kilgore Trout" [a/k/a "Kilgoar"]

As originally posted on: The Internet Chronicle
October 23, 2014


INTERNET — Earlier this week a puzzling 8 second Taylor Swift song seemingly featuring nothing but white noise was the most popularly downloaded song in Canada, disseminating subliminal instructions to millions of vulnerable teenage listeners. Wednesday, a terror attack struck the heart of Canada as shooters rampaged through the streets of Ottawa, its capital. Experts have shown a direct connection between Swift’s hit single and the terror sweeping through Canada.

Expert in subliminal psyop warfare at DARPA, Dr. Angstrom H. Troubador, said, “Taylor Swift has been radicalized by subliminal programming, fallen in with hackers who want to fight the surveillance state, and replicated the programming that radicalized her into an 8 second clip of so-called white noise containing specific programmatic instructions: Kill the government. The shootings in Ottawa are the beginning of a wave of terror like we’ve never expected, except instead of militant Islamists, this time it’s computer geeks. If I was to tell you the message that was coded, it could instantly brainwash anyone who read it or heard it read out loud.”

October 24, 2014

The System







DUTCH AND GERMAN BIKER GANGS ARRIVE IN KOBANI TO FIGHT ISIS

by Frances Martel

As originally posted on: Breitbart
October 22, 2014


Last week, the Netherlands legalized the choice of some members of No Surrender, a biker gang, to travel to Syria and Iraq and fight alongside Kurdish forces against the Islamic State. They are no longer the only European biker gang to enter the fray, as German group Median Empire also announces its presence in Kobani, Syria.

An extensive report highlighting the war against the Islamic State from the perspective of European biker gangs in Spanish newspaper ABC notes that Median Empire, a group named after a Mesopotamian civilization, has chosen to showcase those who leave the comfort of Europe to protect minorities in Iraq and Syria from the jihadist scourge. Unlike No Surrender, a group comprised mostly of various European ethnicities, Median Empire boasts a largely Kurdish membership, so for these bikers, the fight is personal.

The group announced on Facebook that they had a presence in Kobani, currently the scene of an arduous battle for control between Kurdish forces and the Islamic State and have posted photos as proof.

"Our youths were in Kobani today," the post reads, "and have told me that they have been shot at but nothing has happened to them. They are fine." The post concludes, "While others prattle on, our boys are on the front lines, fighting the Islamic State."

The fight for Kobani has become particularly important in the quest to stop the spread of the Islamic State. Kobani rests on the border between Syria and Turkey. If the Islamic State gains control of it, it would have almost unchallenged passage between Turkey and Syria. While initially appearing to be successfully conquering the town, Kurdish forces have managed to keep the jihadists at bay as brutal fighting continues in the town.

The ABC article quotes one of the Median Empire bikers currently voyaging to the front lines. Azad, as he requested to be called, explained that, since emigrating from Kurdish territories when he was nine years old, his life is comfortable. "We are in Europe now, everyone is fine, we have jobs, money, a warm place, and enough food," he explained. "I see a bunch of people who have forgotten where they come from."

Meanwhile, No Surrender, which does not boast a particularly Kurdish membership, announced this week that at least three more members have begun traveling to Syria from Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Breda. The No Surrender fighters are on their way to Mosul, Iraq--a city under the full control of the Islamic State.

October 23, 2014

The System





Twitter 'source of all evil': top Saudi cleric

AFP
October 21, 2014


Riyadh (AFP) - Twitter is nothing more than "a source of lies" and evil, Saudi Arabia's top Muslim cleric said, in comments that sparked lively debate Tuesday on the microblogging site.

"If it were used correctly, it could be of real benefit, but unfortunately it's exploited for trivial matters," Sheikh Abdul Aziz al-Sheikh said on his "Fatwa" television show broadcast late Monday.

Twitter is "the source of all evil and devastation", the mufti said.

"People are rushing to it thinking it's a source of credible information but it's a source of lies and falsehood."

The social media platform is popular among both men and women in ultra-conservative Saudi Arabia, where some supported the mufti's views but many others objected.

"This is why I will repent, and close my account to distance myself from this great evil," one Twitter user wrote with apparent sarcasm.

"Respected sheikh, how can you judge something without using it?" another post asked.

But a supporter of the sheikh wrote: "I swear the mufti has spoken the truth; the evils of Twitter are many."

Saudi Arabia adopts a strict version of Sunni Islam, including a segregation of the sexes, that influences all aspects of life in the Gulf kingdom.

October 22, 2014

The System





She Tweeted Against the Mexican Cartels. They Tweeted Her Murder.

No newspaper dares to publish the truth about the drug lords in Tamaulipas. Those who break the silence on Twitter and Facebook are marked for death.

by Jason McGahan

As originally posted on: The Daily Beast
October 21, 2014


MEXICO CITY — She was a crusading Twitter journalist in a bastion of organized crime who chose a photograph of Catwoman as her online avatar and christened herself Felina. Like a comic-book avenger, her alter ego defied the forces of evil in her real-life Gotham of Reynosa, a border city in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas located a short drive from McAllen, Texas. Tamaulipas is notorious as a state caught in the iron grip of organized crime. Extortion, kidnappings, shootouts, arson, bodies excavated from arid pits, all of this happens in Tamaulipas, practically on a daily basis, but hardly any of it gets reported because of a media blackout the cartels decreed four years ago that is as strictly enforced as martial law after a coup.

Two rival drug cartels in Tamaulipas, the Gulf Cartel and the Zetas, have final say over what gets printed or broadcast in the local media. By necessity the people of the state increasingly have turned to social media to share information about organized crime and its infiltration of the government. They are referred to as citizen journalists and have received international attention for their innovative use of sites like Facebook and Twitter to defy the imposition of the blackout.

Felina was an administrator for Valor por Tamaulipas (which means Courage for Tamaulipas), the most popular citizen news hub in the state, with more than 100,000 followers on Twitter and over half a million on Facebook. A sampling of the site’s content varies from the sensational to the specific. There are photos of young teenagers holding military-grade firepower with captions or comments that identify them as members of organized crime. There are posters of missing persons and news alerts about violence that are timely and specific: “At 10am there were isolated gunshots heard coming from Unidad Obrera”; “Since 12:25a.m. Explosions and machine gun fire at Cañada/Fuentes, and pickup trucks passed at high speed on 20th Street”; “In Balcones sector 2 white Ford pickup with 3 armed Men on Everest Street and Seventh.” Soldiers at the Mexican army base in Reynosa also post news alerts to the site about violent confrontations between the army and the narcos.

Felina posted under the handle @Miut3 and was best known for her posts of danger alerts that pinpointed the location of violent incidents in real time. People sent her bits of information as a way for them to resist the hegemony of the cartels. She also wrote posts pleading with victims of crime not to remain silent, to file a police report even if it meant having to brave reprisals. She would post emergency telephone numbers as a way to try to help.

Understandably the narcos wanted to know the real identities of Felina and her compañeros at Valor por Tamaulipas. A year and a half ago, a cartel had hundreds of leaflets distributed throughout Tamaulipas offering a reward of 600,000 pesos (about $48,000 at the time) for anyone who would divulge the names of the site’s administrators. At around the same time there were videos posted online of executions of individuals alleged to be contributors to the site. The founder shut it down and left the state, hoping that time away would diminish the danger. But when Valor por Tamaulipas went back online the situation only intensified: The number of followers to the site quadrupled and the threats resumed.

On Oct. 8, Valor por Tamaulipas received the following tweet: “We’re coming very close to many of you watch out felina.” The sender’s account was a shell but the message had the feel of authenticity. It was one in a series of posts that arrived on the same day. Each had an exasperated tone, demanding to know why the supposed generosity of the narcos toward people of low income went unreported, and why the focus on the Gulf Cartel but nothing on the crimes of soldiers and police? The concluding message defamed the site’s administrators as liars and threatened war on each of them by name, or at least by handle: “This is for you bandolera, felina, valor and all the rest who make things up.”

The founder of Valor por Tamaulipas, whose identity remains unpublished, said the need for secrecy had become greater than ever before. But he said Felina could not be convinced to alter her behavior to account for the increased danger. In a post on the site the founder described her as someone “who moved heaven and earth” for anyone in need. Her activity as a citizen journalist had fed into a larger vision of building a supportive community in Tamaulipas. She raised money; she organized blood donations, and helped people find affordable housing and free medical care. She listened but did not heed warnings from her peers that by raising her public profile in the community she risked being discovered. The founder removed Felina as an administrator after one last argument about helping someone in need of orthopedic shoes.

Felina nevertheless continued to post a high volume of news alerts to the site at the hashtag #ReynosaFollow. Until early in the morning of Thursday, Oct. 16, when this message from Felina @Miut3 was posted:

# reynosafollow FRIENDS AND FAMILY, MY REAL NAME IS MARÍA DEL ROSARIO FUENTES RUBIO. I AM A PHYSICIAN. TODAY MY LIFE HAS COME TO AN END.

The next message, sent moments later, is supposedly her warning friends and family not to make the same mistake she did, using social media to report on organized crime, because “there is no point.” The message after that is a warning to her followers and to three prominent citizen journalists that the cartels “are closer to us than you think.” The last message sent from Felina’s account is not written but rather consists of two photos: in the first, a middle-aged woman keeps her hands folded in front of her and looks directly at the camera; in the second the same woman is lying on a dirty floor with a coup de grace bullet wound in the face. The founder of Valor por Tamaulipas confirmed that the photos are of Felina. Twitter has since shut down her account.

How was Felina’s identity discovered? She may have been kidnapped, at first, for another reason completely. Staff at the Tierra Santa Clinic in Reynosa witnessed armed men riding in two pickup trucks pull into the parking lot and kidnap Del Rosario at between the hours of 10 and 11 a.m. after she had completed her shift last week. She was kidnapped along with another physician and a nurse.

The motive, according to a report in Zócalo Magazine, was revenge for the death of a 4-year old boy whose teenage parents had brought him to the clinic for treatment that morning. According to the report, Del Rosario administered a dose of Diazepam to treat the boy for a seizure and complications ensued, leading her to have him transferred to a hospital, and he died en route. But when the kidnappers went through the doctor’s cellphone, according to the Zócalo story, they saw her Twitter account, realized she was Felina, and executed her. With her cellphone, they were able to terrorize her followers with the photos and messages.

The founder of Valor por Tamaulipas disputes this version of events and has characterized it as disinformation. Meanwhile, fellow citizen journalists who knew her personally have had to change their cellphone numbers and delete old correspondence with her for fear the cartel will use it to track them down.

The state prosecutor’s office in Tamaulipas confirmed that a Dr. María del Rosario Fuentes Rubio was reported kidnapped on the day before the photos and messages were posted to Felina’s Twitter account. Officially the case remains a kidnapping because, according to the coroner’s office, the body of the woman in the photographs has yet to be recovered.

The founder of Valor por Tamaulipas posted a statement on the site expressing grief at the loss of “an angel who gave everything, her life, her future, her safety and peace, she gave it all for the good people of our state.”

“Today Miut3 ceased to report,” the founder said. “But what the criminals don’t know is that Miut3 is part of our soul and she will never permit us to surrender to organized crime. She will never surrender, and how disappointed she would feel knowing that a single one of all those whom she helped were to succumb.”

October 20, 2014

The System





After Careful Thought, Teen Applies To College Where Family Donated Building

As originally posted: The Onion
October 20, 2014


CORAL GABLES, FL — Saying that she had given the decision considerable thought, local high school senior Katie Simmons told reporters Monday that she would be applying to Bristol College, a school where her family had donated funds for a new 50,000-square-foot library. “There are so many great choices out there, but I feel like I should at least consider Bristol,” said the 17-year-old, noting that while she would like to go somewhere that has a strong academic reputation and a vibrant social scene, it couldn’t hurt to apply to the institution where her family handed over the largest single gift in the school’s history to construct a new state-of-the-art library and digital media center. “Bristol’s a pretty good school, and I could definitely picture myself there, so I guess there’s no harm in filling out the application, right?” Simmons added that she was keeping her options open by also applying to the school whose president plays golf with her dad once a month.

October 18, 2014

The System





President Obama To Send In Carol From The Walking Dead To Destroy ISIS

by Sarah Wood

As originally posted on: Free Wood Post
October 17, 2014


President Obama is about to tell ISIS to “look at the flowers.”

In an effort to combat the increasing presence of ISIS militants in Iraq and Syria, President Obama is sending in Carol from The Walking Dead to take them out in a matter of minutes.

“Airstrikes are working,” said the or president in an exclusive interview with Free Wood Post. “However, they are just no working fast enough. After watching last week’s episode of The Walking Dead the answer to our problems revealed itself. Carol is a badass. She took Terminus out in only a matter of minutes…. and they were just as ruthless as the militants we are dealing with in the Middle East. My administration and the rest of the nation are looking forward to watching her tear apart their regime.”

We here at Free Wood Post are just as excited.

The System





#catheterday

by "⚡ CZAR DOZ ⚡"

As originally posted on: ⚡ CZAR DOZ ⚡ (Zardoz_Moot) on Twitter
October 18, 2014

October 16, 2014

The System





Big Question: Can ISIS take down Saudi Arabia? Probably...

by John Robb

As originally posted on: Global Guerrillas
October 13, 2014


ISIS is the open source insurgency (see Wikipedia) I warned about when I began writing Global Guerrillas back in 2004.

For example:

- It operates very differently than the insurgencies we faced prior to Iraq.

- It's composed of many groups held together by a simple set of rules (minimal vs. the maximum rule sets we see in nations).  

- It's fluid.  It redily finds good use of new technologies and uses social media to good effect.

- It embraces the global black market and thrives on criminal enterprise.

- The groups participating in the insurgency learn and communicates stigmergically (see Nature 2009) -- which is similar to how we learn online.  Try it fast --> copy anything that works (from targets to techniques to technologies).

- Since there isn't a hierarchy, it can spread very quickly to new areas as new groups self activate to join it.

- There's lots more.

The big question is when does ISIS stop expanding?

More specifically, can ISIS expand into Saudi Arabia?

Based on what I see:  Yes.

If so, we're about to see an open source insurgency take down the heart of the Middle East.

Worse, the US government and its allies don't have a clue how to fight it nor any real desire to do so.  They just wish it would go away.


PS:  Even if the US and its allies did want to stop ISIS, they don't know how to fight an open source insurgency (the Sunni Awakening was dropped into their laps, it wasn't engineered).  They are still trying to cram the round pegs of today's facts into the square holes of traditional models of insurgency.  

October 15, 2014

The System







[Untitled]

As originally posted: BitCongress
[Post date not given]


Definitions

BitCongress ­- decentralized legislation & voting blockchain platform

AXIOMITY ­- decentralized application & wallet for BitCongress

VOTE ­- a Counterparty asset designated as a Vote token given to each voter

Proof­-Of-­Tally -­ a tally token that is sent to each voter every time they vote

Bitcoin -­ the worlds first decentralized, peer to peer cryptocurrency & main Blockchain system

Blockchain ­- a decentralized, peer to peer, open source, public asset ledger

Counterparty -­ a decentralized asset creation system & decentralized asset exchange

XCP ­- Counterparty cryptocurreny & asset

Smart Asset -­ a tradable token created on a blockchain

Ethereum ­- the worlds first decentralized smart contract blockchain system

Ether -­ the Ethereum cryptocurrency used to activate a smart contract

Smart Contract -­ a programmable contract held in a decentralized blockchain cloud

Legislation -­ a set of defined terms, rules and expectations for a group of people or body of power

Election -­ a smart contract managing votes, containing rules, addresses for legislation or candidates

Voter -­ a holder of a VOTE token created on Counterparty & attached to ones Bitcoin address

Address -­ a cryptographic public key to accept a cryptocurrency or crypto token

Borda Count -­ The Borda count is a single-­winner election method in which voters rank options


Abstract

A purely peer-­to­-peer version of electronic vote would allow online votes to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a central voting register. Digital signatures provide part of the solution, but the main benefits are lost if a trusted third party is still required to prevent double­-voting. We propose a solution to the double-voting problem using a peer­-to­-peer network. The network timestamps elections by hashing them into an ongoing chain of hash-­based proof-­of-­work & proof­-of-­tally forming a record that cannot be changed without redoing the proof chain. The longest chain not only serves as proof of the sequence of events witnessed, but proof that it came from the largest pool of computational power. As long as a majority of computational power is controlled by nodes that are not cooperating to attack the network, they'll generate the longest chain and outpace attackers. The network itself requires minimal structure. Messages are broadcast on a best effort basis, and nodes can leave and rejoin the network at will, accepting the longest proof-­of-­work & proof­-of-­tally chains as proof of what happened while they were gone. AXIOMITY as the front end wallet, law creation & voting application holds XCP, Ether, BTC, VOTE & uses them all in sync and combination with their respective blockchains. A VOTE token is sent by a legislation creation tool with combined cryptocurrency wallet. The VOTE is sent to a smart contract based election holding yay, nay and candidate addresses. The VOTE is returned to the voter after the election has ended due to a winning count or election time expiration. The voter is given a Proof­-of­-Tally count for each VOTE given to any election showing it as an active voter with a corresponding Proof­-of­-Tally count. This system allows legislation to be created, elections to be created and votes to be instantly counted, to implement instant legislation changes within the network.







1. Introduction

With the creation of Bitcoin & the Blockchain there has been a true demonstration of a consensus based monetary system fully functioning globally for over 5 years now. The advantages of this system shows how a peer­-to­-peer system running a decentralized node network can become the most powerful computer network on the planet in under a half decade. We propose a voting system to be created in conjunction with Bitcoin, Counterparty & Ethereum using a distributed model to verify elections, votes and voters on separated blockchain networks. Using Bitcoin for its proof-­of-­work blockchain which has grown into the largest & safest blockchain in the world, votes will be created on the counterparty system which sits on top of Bitcoin. This will allow every vote to be hashed into the Bitcoin Blockchain, timestamped and registered on the public ledger forever. Ethereum will be used to create elections as smart contracts that have a set of rules to follow including election time, candidates, legislation & custom election rules. We have created a tool for legislation similar to a Bitcoin wallet or the Ethereum Contract Maker for legislation, amendment, debate & voting called Axiomity. It will be distributed to every available market and freely accessible to anyone online. With a combination of the Bitcoin, Counterparty & Ethereum Blockchain networks we have created a robust system to upgrade Voting, Legislation, Elections & Public Debate. BitCongress can be used by nations, states, communities, institutions, businesses and schools for both discussion, debate, rule making and voting on a scalable system. This allows for a variety of case uses, custom implementations & experiments to take place within the BitCongress platform.

BitCongress is a platform that combines Bitcoin, Counterparty, Ethereum & a new tool called AXIOMITY into a fully functional Congress on the Blockchain. BitCongress is the best tool for Governance 2.0, a remote control right in every IOT device, phone, tablet, tv and computer, to legislate, to vote, to decide in the moment how our society should be, in an instant, on the blockchain. The goal of BitCongress is to upgrade infrastructure within the governing bodies of society. From the US House Of Representatives, United Nations, Billboard Charts, POTUS or self made community rules, BitCongress can be implemented for many different case across society including existing state & national governments. Government is a system created & run by humans, over the years technology has always been introduced to governments to improve effective governing by not just a small group of people over the masses, but to more intimately interact with the constituency. The constituency is the governing body, unfortunately most are unable to communicate directly with their representative. One can ponder if representatives are needed when technology can instantly display ones choice across the wire & display it globally. With the advent of decentralized, peer to peer networking & cryptocurrency, government can become not a concept of the past in a future of chaos, but government can become the show everyone watches, the game that everyone plays, the activism that can be expressed by anyone at a whim, government is your control over yourself, why let someone else, let alone a small few, make decisions for you on your behalf? The concept of control or ruling over others must be molded by all people whom the control & ruling effects. Government can evolve as we rule over machines and they rule over us in a tangent and tangle of man vs machine as man vs man fade into a history. A long history of asset consolidation by banking institutions, cronyism & hidden decisions has caused a riff in the peoples concept of government. Government can be cool, useful, powerful, fun, even sexy when the people who must follow the rules are now the ones making the rules, carved into blockchain like stone.


2. Elections

We define an electronic vote as a chain of digital signatures. Each owner transfers the vote to the candidate or legislation by digitally signing a hash of the previous transaction and the public key of the candidate or legislation and adding these to the end of the vote. A voter can verify the signatures to verify the proof of tally.

The problem of course is the voter can't verify that one of the candidates or piece of legislation ignored the vote, received the vote, faked the vote or denied the vote. A common solution is to introduce a trusted central authority, or counter, that checks every vote for identity of voter, double-­votes & onsite voter manipulation. After each election, the vote must be counted by a trusted authority, and only votes made directly within the centralized counter system are trusted not to be a double-vote, false voter or other voter fraud. The problem with this solution is that the fate of the entire voting, election & legislation system depends on the counter counting the votes, with every election having to go through them, just like a government election.

We need a way for the voter to know that the person, law or decision they voted for is recorded, counted, acknowledged & equally has power like all other votes. For our purposes, the election is held as a multi signature smart contact held between voters, candidates and legislation. This smart contract election will be running a set of rules for a set of time, able to accept votes with its public key, register them, process from them with the public key of the voter and return them to voter after election. The only way to confirm the absence of an election, its votes & its voters is to be aware of all elections. In the central counter based model, the counter was aware of all elections and decided which votes are registered first or at all. To accomplish this without a trusted party, elections must be publicly announced, and we need a platform for participants to agree on a single history of the order in which they were held, voted for and the ending results. The voter needs proof that at the time of each election, the majority of nodes agreed it was the first received.


3. Timestamp Server

The solution we propose includes the timestamp system of the Bitcoin Blockchain. A timestamp server works by taking a hash of



a block of items to be timestamped and widely publishing the hash, such as in a newspaper or Usenet post. The timestamp proves that the data must have existed at the time, obviously, in order to get into the hash. Each timestamp includes the previous timestamp in its hash, forming a chain, with each additional timestamp reinforcing the ones before it. This creates a history of all transactions, trades, requests, messages, elections, votes, voters, candidates, legislation, amendments, debates, quorum, filibusters & all election information needed to run the platform. STAMPS are a token created to allow messaging & peer to peer communications within AXIOMITY to take place over a token based blockchain messaging service. STAMPS are just like real world stamps as they are used to send & monetize messaging within the platform.


4. Proof-­of­-Work

To implement a distributed timestamp server on a peer­-to­-peer basis, Bitcoin uses a proof-­of-­work system similar to Adam Back's Hashcash, rather than newspaper or Usenet posts. The proof­-of-­work involves scanning for a value that when hashed, such as with SHA­-256, the hash begins with a number of zero bits. The average work required is exponential in the number of zero bits required and can be verified by executing a single hash.

For the timestamp network, Bitcoin implements the proof­-of­-work by incrementing a nonce in the block until a value is found that gives the block's hash the required zero bits. Once the CPU effort has been expended to make it satisfy the proof­-of­-work, the block cannot be changed without redoing the work. As later blocks are chained after it, the work to change the block would include redoing all the blocks after it.

The proof-­of­-work also solves the problem of determining representation in majority decision making. If the majority were based on one­-IP­-address­-one-­vote, it could be subverted by anyone able to allocate many IPs. Proof­-of-­work is essentially one-CPU-­one-­vote, but with the advent of ASIC technology that premise has been debated. The majority decision is represented by the longest chain, which has the greatest proof­-of­-work effort invested in it. If a majority of CPU power is controlled by honest nodes, the honest chain will grow the fastest and outpace any competing chains. To modify a past block, an attacker would have to redo the proof-­of­-work of the block and all blocks after it and then catch up with and surpass the work of the honest nodes. To compensate for increasing hardware speed and varying interest in running nodes over time, the proof-­of-­work difficulty is determined by a moving average targeting an average number of blocks per hour. If they're generated too fast, the difficulty increases.


5. Proof-­of-­Tally

To implement a voter identity system that keeps track of address sending votes for election fraud management, we use a Proof-­of­-tally for every Bitcoin address used for voting. Using AXIOMITY we input a tally count into the blockchain for each voting address every time it votes, giving a timestamped tally to each vote done by that voting address. The Proof­-of-­tally is read by both AXIOMITY for voter verification and by the election for election data recording on each voter. The election can keep track of the Proof­-of-­tally on each address using it for results within the election. Every VOTE is given to a single Bitcoin address as a Blockchain ID system that allows any Bitcoin Address to register for a VOTE. That address now gets hashed in a transaction with its Proof-­of­-Tally token & increases its Tally number on the Counterparty blockchain. The ethereum smart contract election looks for this Proof­-of-­Tally and records it in the election. Each election holds addresses, private keys & requests and sends tokens to a voter's address and a tally count that goes up on each vote completed. This gives a profile of a Bitcoin address as Active Status, Inactive Status or Fraudulent Status, allowing AXIOMITY to accept or reject the voter as a real voter or a fraud. The elections record the Proof­-of-­tally on each address showing a history of votes from a voter while keeping the actual person behind the Bitcoin address private.


6. Candidates, Legislation & Amendments

Using our Legislation & Voting tool called AXIOMITY, one can hold their votes securely using a private key like a Bitcoin wallet. Within AXIOMITY there are several features, from creating elections to creating legislation. Anyone can create a piece of legislation and post it to the election, viewable and interacted with by AXIOMITY, other AXIOMITY users can select that piece of legislation now viewable to the public, select any word, sentence or entire sections of the law and submit an amendment. This creates a new piece of legislation and posts it to a new election. All amended legislation is branched in a history viewable in AXIOMITY. Every piece of legislation can be viewed, amended and voted on by anyone holding a vote unless its created as a private election, this allows only specified vote addresses to vote. When a piece of Legislation is posted a new election is created on Ethereum with its custom set of rules implied by AXIOMITY. When a candidate or piece of legislation is voted for yay or nay, a VOTE, a Counterparty token, is sent from the voter to the election, the VOTE is immediately returned to the Voter when the election ends. Ether is sent by Axiomity to activate the Ethereum smart contract election holding the piece of legislation. Posting a Vote casts a yay or nay vote & the legislation gets a vote count up or down +1 or 0. Depending on the vote count in the election when it ends, the registered winner is sent a winning token using Counterparty and the legislation moves up in ranking on a public common law ledger similar to a blockchain explorer depending on its vote count, how many winning tokens it and its amendments have in total & a reddit like up and down popularity poll.

The posted Candidates, Legislation & Amendments can all be seen in AXIOMITY the wallet/explorer, as it relays callbacks from Counterparty running over the Bitcoin Blockchain. It will allow anyone to post as a candidate or law in a custom election, with all changes to legislation, all votes and all events timestamped into a blockchain of elections, holding votes and voters public keys within the elections history. All elections are hosted on the Ethereum blockchain and will be interactive using callbacks, websockets, get, post & http requests.


7. Elections

An election is created within Ethereum using its smart contract blockchain system. Each election will have an election timed lifespan, set of rules, candidates, legislation, budget & an accessible URL that can be accessed by the public. Each election has its own Ethereum address and using AXIOMITY communicates with the Counterparty address & Bitcoin Address that together holds and moves the votes from voter to candidate and then back to voter. Within an election each law can be voted for yay or nay. When a vote is casted a vote is sent from voters address to legislations yay or nay addresses or to a specific candidates address, these addresses are built into the election smart contract. When an election has candidates or legislation receiving votes the election smart contract responds to and records every vote into the Bitcoin Blockchain using the Counterparty VOTE token. The election logs the changes, the vote count is recorded and displayed within AXIOMITY using ether onto the Ethereum Blockchain. This allows a multiple blockchain record of the Legislation, Vote & Voter interaction. The election once expired will automatically return all votes casted, but will not increase the vote count of the legislation or candidates within the election.


8. Voting

When voting for a piece of legislation or candidate each yay, nay or candidate has an address. A vote token is sent from the voters AXIOMITY application to the address of the legislations yay nay or if a candidate their public address, the election maintains the votes until the election is ended, then the votes are returned to the voters. This way votes are recycled and personally held. A proof-­of-tally system will allow each voter to build a tally count on the amount of elections they have participated in. This shows an address of a voter as active, non active or fraudulent depending on the proof­-of-­tally, a voter will be denied an election if the voters address is found to be fraudulent based on double-vote attempts from that address. VOTEs can be acquired by creating a profile on the BitCongress website. The only way to get a vote is to submit a Bitcoin address as a owner of the vote. Once a bitcoin address is given a VOTE, it will never be able to receive a VOTE again from the BitCongress site. This will allow for a truer proof-­of­-tally to be used with confidence. VOTEs can be sent from Voter



to Voter, they are automatically returned to the sender or voter, but there is a record of this on the Bitcoin Blockchain. This allows for the vote to not be used as a monetary tool, but a vote token for record of approval. It keeps a record of this to build a proof-of-tally on all Bitcoin addresses used in elections. Showing a voter profile for Bitcoin addresses, yet holding that voters privacy.


9. Count Methods

One of the most important features of BitCongress is the count method used for massive elections such as presidential, legislation that millions of people will be voting on does not constitute a normal vote count. We propose the use of the Borda Count in a modified manor married to a blockchain of consensus. The Borda Count allows for a points system of election over a normal standard election count. In the US Presidential elections there is a system used called the electoral college. This system allows an institution of electors to pick a candidate depending on the 270+ count. If the electoral college cannot elect a winner, the House, then the Senate votes for president. We propose a count system that uses a Modified Borda Count as a primary count for all elections by default & a Quota Borda System for any “large” scale elections. If this count method is not fulfilled a winner a secondary vote can be done using a different count method.

The Borda count is a single­-winner election method in which voters rank options or candidates in order of preference. The Borda count determines the outcome of a debate or the winner of an election by giving each candidate, for each ballot, a number of points corresponding to the number of candidates ranked lower. Once all votes have been counted the option or candidate with the most points is the winner. Because it sometimes elects broadly acceptable options or candidates, rather than those preferred by a majority, the Borda count is often described as a consensus­-based voting system rather than a majoritarian one. The Modified Borda Count is used for decision-­making. For elections, especially when proportional representation is important, the Quota Borda System is used. Under the Borda count the voter ranks the list of candidates in order of preference. So, for example, the voter gives a '1' to their first preference, a '2' to their second preference, and so on. In this respect, a Borda count election is the same as elections under other ranked voting systems, such as instant-­runoff voting, the single transferable vote or Condorcet methods.


10. Networks & Blockchains

The steps to run the network are as follows:

Within Bitcoin & Counterparty new transactions are broadcast to all nodes. Each node collects new VOTES into a block. Each node works on finding a difficult proof­-of­-work for its block, for the election as running & a proof­-of-­tally of voters within the election. When a node finds a proof-­of-­work, it broadcasts the block to all nodes. Then AXIOMITY finds the proof-­of­-tally for the address that sent the VOTE and accepts active status, inactive status and rejects fraudulent status addresses. Nodes accept the block only if all transactions in it are valid. Nodes express their acceptance of the block by working on creating the next block in the chain, using the hash of the accepted block as the previous hash.

Nodes always consider the longest chain to be the correct one and will keep working on extending it. If two nodes broadcast different versions of the next block simultaneously, some nodes may receive one or the other first. In that case, they work on the first one they received, but save the other branch in case it becomes longer. The tie will be broken when the next proof-­of-­work is found and one branch becomes longer; the nodes that were working on the other branch will then switch to the longer one.

New transaction broadcasts do not necessarily need to reach all nodes. As long as they reach many nodes, they will get into a block before long. Block broadcasts are also tolerant of dropped messages. If a node does not receive a block, it will request it when it receives the next block and realizes it missed one.

Counterparty running over the Bitcoin Blockchain gives each piece of legislation a yay & nay address and each candidate an address. The VOTE is a token created by Counterparty and thus uses the Bitcoin mining system, but has no monetary value as it is limitless and returns to sender after an election. The election is a smart contract created on the Ethereum Network. Ether is sent to the election from AXIOMITY to create and start a new election. Ether then is sent to a winner contract that executes a rule to return the VOTE back to all voters, while the winner contract registered the winner and sends the ether back to the Axiomity client. This allows for Ether, VOTE & Bitcoin to be recycled through elections, votes and voters, all the while posting all results on the corresponding Blockchains. AXIOMITY as the front end wallet, law creation & voting application holds XCP, Ether, BTC, VOTE & uses them all in sync and combination with their respective blockchains.

Bitcoin, Counterparty & Ethereum all work in a mesh like manner by distributing information across three different blockchains, each with unique features and purposes. In a model similar to the three branches of the United States Governments current concept of separation of powers, the three individual blockchains work together in a compartmentalized & organized interaction using decentralized & peer 2 peer platform allowing any government to be created locally or statewide. This platform runs on a package front end HTML5 Application consisting of a folder containing a Index.html file, controller.js file, css files, images, video, audio files & the back end runs on the 3 blockchains allowing data to be stored in Bitcoin Transactions, Counterparty Transaction & Ethereum Transactions & Cloud Data Storage. This allows a self run app with no servers or dependencies on anything centralized or consolidated. The individual runs everything themselves on their device.


11. Incentive & Infrastructure

Using Bitcoin, Counterparty & Ethereum as Blockchains to record, old and move data, we can depend on the mining ecosystem of these Blockchains to give the system functionality without creating a cryptocurrency with monetary value. VOTES are limitless and are returned to voter after election, giving incentive to vote, not to buy & sell VOTES. For monetary incentive the Bitcoin system is used as an underlying budget & infrastructure for BitCongress along side the Counterparty network for VOTE creation and distribution within the Bitcoin Blockchain. In Bitcoin, by convention, the first transaction in a block is a special transaction that starts a new token owned by the creator of the block. This adds an incentive for nodes to support the network, and provides a way to initially distribute votes into circulation using the Bitcoin Blockchain, since there is no central authority to issue them. The steady addition of a constant of amount of new Bitcoins is analogous to gold miners expending resources to add gold to circulation. In our case, it is CPU time and electricity that is expended.

The incentive can also be funded with transaction fees. If the output vote count of an election is less than its input vote count, the difference is a election fee that is added to the incentive value of the block containing the election. Once a predetermined number of votes have entered circulation, the incentive can transition entirely to election fees and be completely inflation free.

The incentive may help encourage nodes to stay honest. If a greedy attacker is able to assemble more CPU power than all the honest nodes, he would have to choose between using it to defraud people by stealing back his payments, or using it to generate new coins. He ought to find it more profitable to play by the rules, such rules that favour him with more new coins than everyone else combined, than to undermine the system and the validity of his own use. Votes are automatically returned to voters after an election, so every vote, has monetary value, identity information & multiple uses in multiple elections. The election fee is equivalent to the monetary cost of running a pencil, paper, brick & mortar & human vote counter based election. Elections are timed and when they end all votes are returned to voters public key. After every election a public record of all voting activity is held on a blockchain. Combining the Bitcoin Blockchain, Counterparty asset system & Ethereum smart contract network, alongside a wide range of features such as legislation creation, amendment and debate, qurum & filibuster, Electoral, House & Senate Protocols, public voting ledgers, custom elections, regional councils, Government Gateway Protocol & real time voting, real time legislating & public record of everything, BitCongress has a very strong infrastructure in place ready for its real world use. BitCongress has many case uses and can be used by nations, states, communities, institutions, businesses and schools for both discussion, debate, rule making and voting on a scalable system.

A Counterparty asset called CONGRESS has been created to crowdfund the seed capital needed to create BitCongress fully, market the technology to many different markets, develop the needed software and hardware for the case uses of Blockchain Voting & build a robust transparent & scalable front end for global legislation & voting. This requires a some funding to finish & market it to the world. Development is needed and CONGRESS will be used to pay all developers of BitCongress.


12. Simplified Token Verification

It is possible to verify votes without running a full network node. A user only needs to keep a copy of the block headers of the longest proof-of-work chain & the longest proof­-of-­tally chain from that voter, which he can get by querying network nodes until he's convinced he has the longest chains, and obtain the Merkle branch linking the VOTE to the block it's timestamped in. He can't check the election for himself, but by linking it to a place in the chain, he can see that a network node has accepted it, and blocks added after it further confirm the network has accepted it.

As such, the verification is reliable as long as honest nodes control the network, but is more vulnerable if the network is overpowered by an attacker. While network nodes can verify elections, VOTES and voters for themselves, the simplified method can be fooled by an attacker's fabricated elections, VOTES and voters for as long as the attacker can continue to overpower the network. One strategy to protect against this would be to accept alerts from network nodes when they detect an invalid block, prompting the user's software to download the full block and alerted transactions to confirm the inconsistency. Individuals, Schools, Businesses or States that hold frequent VOTEs will probably still want to run their own nodes for more independent security and quicker verification.

Within the election the smart contract can interact with callbacks, tokens and its native Ether. Within AXIOMITY a confirmation count is shown on both Bitcoin for fees, Counterparty for VOTES & Ethereum for Ether, these tokens & cryptocurrencies are all verified by their specified miners & auditing pools and cross referenced from the election to the voter within AXIOMITY.


13. Combining and Splitting Vote Denominations

Although it would be possible to handle VOTES individually, it would be unwieldy to make a separate a VOTE into 100,000,000 subVOTES for every portion of a vote in an election. To allow votes to be split and combined, transactions contain multiple inputs and outputs. A VOTE is divisible like A Bitcoin (1.00000000) into subVOTES, this allows for a more custom implementation of a vote count within a private or small election. Normally there will be either a single input from a larger previous elections or multiple inputs combining smaller amounts, and at most two outputs: one for the candidate or legislation, and one returning the vote to the voter after the election.

It should be noted that fan-­out, where a election depends on several elections, and those elections depend on many more, is not a problem here. There is never the need to extract a complete standalone copy of a elections history.


14. Privacy

The traditional centralized voting model even with electronic voting systems achieves a level of privacy by limiting access to information to the parties involved and the trusted third party. The necessity to announce all elections publicly precludes this method, but privacy can still be maintained by breaking the flow of information in another place: by keeping public keys anonymous. The public can see that someone is sending a vote to a candidate or piece of legislation, but without information linking the vote or election to anyone voting. This is similar to the level of information released by stock exchanges, where the time and size of individual trades, the "tape", is made public, but without telling who the parties were.

As an additional firewall, a new key pair should be used for each election to keep them from being linked to a common owner. Some linking is still unavoidable with multi-­input transactions, which necessarily reveal that their inputs were owned by the same owner. The risk is that if the owner of a key is revealed, linking could reveal other elections, legislation, amendments and votes that belonged to the same owner. For this we propose the second output be the voter itself as the election has a timed contract and when it ends, the election holding the votes returns them to the voters. With this a voter can reuse the public key over and over again, building its Proof­-Of-­Tally. This helps the public give a numerical count to the public keys vote use but not its vote history or the identity of the private key owner. A vote can be sent from one address, but one person will always be able to make multiple addresses. A centralized authority using identity information can interact with BitCongress and utilize its technology with a registry of voters.


15. Conclusion

We have proposed a platform for electronic election, legislation & voting without relying on trust. We started with the usual framework of Bitcoin, Ethereum, Counterparty & The Blockchain technologies. The platform allows for an easy creation, post & ranking of legislation through a mobile application, timestamped and hashed by Bitcoin, managed by Counterparty & held in Election by Ethereum. This allows a combination of technologies to spread the decentralized notion of vote and election as far from centralized systems as possible. Incentive is from Bitcoin mining fees, Ethereum mining fees, Counterparty reward tokens for building infrastructure for BitCongress & its case use for the worlds first Blockchain Voting System that will be able to upgrade the current legislative and governing systems. We create a token on Counterparty called a VOTE and it is sent to legislation or candidates, recorded on the blockchain and then returned to the voter, giving a registered endorsement on a blockchain. We create a Legislation, Amendment & Voting wallet called AXIOMITY to hold Ether, Bitcoin, Counterparty & our VOTE token, it allows creation of legislation, amendment of posted legislation, debate, qurum, filibuster and voting in all public elections. It allows the



creation of private elections corresponding to designated voter addresses. BitCongress is a suite based on many technologies, many concepts and many systems running on Blockchain Technologies, Timestamps, Open Source code & Freedom based principles.



References: #Bitcoin #Counterparty #Ethereum #C++ #MorganRockwell